JAMB Syllabus for Biology & Recommended Textbooks 2023/2024

Preparing for the UTME examination can be a daunting task, but with the right approach, you can increase your chances of achieving a high score.

One effective strategy is to use the official JAMB Biology syllabus as a guide for your studies.

This syllabus provides a comprehensive list of topics and objectives that you must be familiar with in order to excel in the examination.

In this blog post, we will break down the JAMB Biology syllabus in simple English, making it easier for you to understand and study effectively.


  1. Ecology: The study of the interactions between organisms and their environment.
  2. Factors Affecting the Distribution of Organisms: Understand the factors that influence where different organisms are found.
  3. Local (Nigerian) Biomes: Explore the different ecological regions found in Nigeria.
  4. Natural Habitats: Learn about the various habitats and their characteristics.
  5. Soil: Understand the importance of soil in supporting plant growth and ecosystem functioning.
  6. Conservation of Natural Resources: Discover the importance of preserving our natural resources and the strategies for conservation.
  7. Diseases: Study different types of diseases and their impact on organisms.
  8. Game Reserves and Natural Parks: Explore the importance of protected areas in preserving biodiversity.
  9. Population and Its Control: Understand population dynamics and strategies for population control.
  10. Energy Flow in The Ecosystem: Learn about the flow of energy through the food chain and trophic levels.
  11. Nutrient Cycling in Nature: Explore the cycling of nutrients through biogeochemical cycles.
  12. Symbiotic Interactions of Plants: Understand the different types of symbiotic relationships between plants.
  13. Adaptation for Survival: Study how organisms adapt to their environment for survival.
  14. Ecological Succession: Learn about the process of change in ecosystems over time.
  15. Factors Affecting Population Sizes: Understand the factors that influence the size of populations.
  16. Population Density and Overcrowding: Explore the effects of population density and overcrowding on organisms.
  17. Evolution: Study the concept of evolution and its significance in biology.
  18. Evidence of Evolution: Understand the different pieces of evidence supporting the theory of evolution.
  19. Theories of Evolution: Explore various theories explaining the mechanisms of evolution.

Form and Functions:

  1. Growth: Study the process of growth in organisms.
  2. Internal Structure of a Flowering Plant: Explore the different parts and their functions.
  3. Internal Structure of a Mammal: Understand the anatomy and physiology of mammals.
  4. Homeostasis: Learn about the mechanisms that organisms use to maintain internal stability.
  5. Hormonal Control: Study the role of hormones in regulating physiological processes.
  6. Nervous Co-Ordination: Understand how the nervous system coordinates body functions.
  7. The Sense Organs: Explore the different sense organs and their functions.
  8. Excretory Mechanisms: Study the process of waste removal in organisms.
  9. Excretory Products of Plants: Understand how plants eliminate waste products.
  10. Types of Excretory Structures: Explore different excretory structures in organisms.
  11. Animal Nutrition: Learn about the different modes of nutrition in animals.
  12. Plant Nutrition: Understand the process of nutrient acquisition in plants.
  13. Types of Nutrition: Study autotrophic and heterotrophic nutrition.
  14. Asexual Reproduction: Explore the different methods of asexual reproduction in organisms.
  15. Reproduction in Mammals: Study the reproductive processes in mammals.
  16. Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants: Understand the reproductive structures and processes in flowering plants.
  17. Aerobic Respiration: Learn about the process of respiration in the presence of oxygen.
  18. Anaerobic Respiration: Study the process of respiration in the absence of oxygen.
  19. Respiratory Organs and Surfaces: Explore the structures involved in the exchange of gases.
  20. The Mechanism of Gaseous Exchange: Understand how gases are exchanged in organisms.
  21. Support and Movement: Study the mechanisms that provide support and enable movement in organisms.
  22. Supporting Tissues in Animals: Explore the different types of supporting tissues.
  23. Tropic, Tactic, Nastic, and Sleep Movements in Plants: Understand the various types of plant movements.
  24. Types and Functions of the Skeleton: Study the skeletal system and its functions.
  25. Channels for Transportation: Explore the various channels used for transporting materials in organisms.
  26. Materials for Transportation: Learn about the different substances transported in organisms.
  27. Media and Processes of Mechanism for Transportation: Understand the mediums and processes involved in transportation.
  28. Need for Transportation: Study the importance of transportation in living organisms.

Heredity and Variations:

  1. Heredity: Explore the principles of heredity and inheritance.
  2. Application of Discontinuous Variation in Crime Detection, Blood Transfusion, and Determination of Paternity: Understand how variations are used in different practical situations.
  3. Morphological Variations in the Physical Appearance of Individuals: Study the variations in physical traits among individuals.
  4. Physiological Variation: Explore the variations in physiological processes among organisms.
  5. Variety of Organisms: Understand the diversity of organisms on Earth.
  6. Adaptive Coloration and Its Functions: Study the role of coloration in adaptation and survival.
  7. Behavioural Adaptations in Social Animals: Explore how social animals adapt their behavior for survival.
  8. Evolution Among the Following Living Organisms: Study the processes of evolution in different organisms.
  9. Structural Adaptations in Organisms: Understand the structural adaptations that help organisms survive in their environments.
  10. Structural/Functional and Behavioral Adaptations of Organisms: Explore the various adaptations organisms possess for their survival.

JAMB Recommended Textbooks for Biology:

  1. Ndu, F.O. C. Ndu, Abun A. and Aina J.O. (2001) Senior Secondary School Biology: Books 1 -3, Lagos: Longman.
  2. Odunfa, S.A. (2001) Essential of Biology, Ibadan: Heinemann.
  3. Ogunniyi M.B. Adebisi A.A. and Okojie J.A. (2000) Biology for Senior Secondary Schools: Books 1 – 3, Macmillan.
  4. Ramalingam, S.T. (2005) Modern Biology, SS Science Series. New Edition, AFP.
  5. Stan. (2004) Biology for Senior Secondary Schools. Revised Edition, Ibadan: Heinemann.
  6. Stone R.H. and Cozens, A.B.C. (1982) Biology for West African Schools. Longman.
  7. Usua, E.J. (1997) Handbook of practical Biology 2nd Edition, University Press, Limited.


Studying the JAMB Biology syllabus is a crucial step towards achieving success in the UTME examination.

By following the topics and objectives outlined in the syllabus, you will have a solid foundation in biology and be well-prepared for the examination.

Remember to use the recommended textbooks as additional resources to enhance your understanding.

With diligent study and practice, you can confidently approach the biology section of the UTME and increase your chances of obtaining a high score.

Hey Dear! Let's hear from you