All You Need To Know About The Nursing And Midwifery Council Of Nigeria

The Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria (NMCN) holds a significant position in Nigeria’s healthcare sector.

Established in 1947, it is one of the oldest professional regulatory bodies in the country.

The NMCN plays a vital role in ensuring high-quality nursing and midwifery education, maintaining professional standards, and enforcing discipline within the profession.

This blog post provides an overview of the NMCN’s history, functions, and its impact on healthcare in Nigeria.

History and Evolution:

During the colonial era, nursing and midwifery were among the first recognized professions in Nigeria.

To modernize nursing education and practice, the colonial government introduced nursing and midwifery programs.

In 1930, the Midwives Ordinance was enacted to regulate midwifery education and practice.

Subsequently, the Nursing Council of Nigeria was established in 1947 by the Registration of Nurses Ordinance. Over the years, various amendments and mergers led to the creation of the present-day NMCN through the enabling decree 89 of 1979.

Structure and Function:

The NMCN is led by a Secretary-General/Registrar, supported by professionals and non-professional staff.

The Council operates under a Board headed by a Chairman, comprising members from different institutions and zones across the country.

Its primary objective is to ensure the delivery of modern and scientific nursing and midwifery care to individuals, families, and communities.

The NMCN collaborates closely with sister organizations under the Federal Ministry of Health, such as the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria and the Pharmacist Council of Nigeria.

This cooperation aims to support the government’s healthcare reform agenda by working together to achieve common objectives.

Partnerships and Collaborations:

The NMCN actively engages with national and international non-governmental organizations and institutions to develop and implement health programs, projects, and workshops.

It partners with organizations like the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, USAID, and the International Council of Nurses to enhance nursing and midwifery education and practice standards in Nigeria.

These collaborations contribute to the upliftment of healthcare services and the overall well-being of the population.

Responsibilities and Impact:

The NMCN has a broad range of responsibilities that include designing, implementing, and evaluating nursing and midwifery educational programs.

It accredits training institutions and clinical practice areas, conducts professional examinations, and maintains registers of qualified practitioners.

The Council ensures compliance with professional standards, issues licenses, and promotes research in nursing and midwifery.

Through its regulatory functions, the NMCN maintains discipline within the nursing and midwifery profession and prosecutes illegal training institutions.

It also organizes mandatory continuing professional and educational development programs to enhance the knowledge and competencies of nurses and midwives.

Categories of Nurses Registered by the NMCN:

The NMCN registers various categories of nurses, including General Nurses, Midwives, Mental Health Nurses, Public Health Nurses, Nurse Educators, Nurse Administrators, Orthopaedic Nurses, Nurse Anaesthetists, and many more. Each category represents specialized areas of nursing and midwifery practice, highlighting the diverse roles nurses play in the healthcare system.


The Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria (NMCN) has played a crucial role in shaping nursing and midwifery education and practice in Nigeria.

With its focus on maintaining high standards, promoting research, and collaborating with national and international partners, the NMCN contributes significantly to the development of the healthcare sector.

By ensuring the competence and professionalism of nurses and midwives, the NMCN positively impacts the well-being of individuals, families, and communities throughout Nigeria.

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